Intracanal medicament

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Buy Intracanal Medicaments online in India

Definition:


Antiseptic agents in the chemical form applied to the walls of the root canals with the objective of eliminating microorganisms present before or even after cleaning & irrigating the root canal system.

HISTORY :

The historical origin of medicaments dates back to very early times. In the year 200 A.D., the Chinese were using arsenicals to treat pulpitis, preceding Spooner, who was the first to do so in Europe, by1600 A.D. Scribonius in 1045 A.D. wrote of using oils and wine in the mouth of a patient in pain; a crude attempt to achieve a topical anesthetics effect on a tooth to be extracted. In the 1800’s specific medicaments were recommended for endodontic treatment. Beech wood Creosote was mentioned in the 1840 as “Creosote and cotton in fang filling. During 1776 to 1826, the treatment was crude – abscessed teeth were treated with leeches or toasted fig poultices and pulps were cauterized with red-hot wires. The development of the aseptic – antiseptic era in medicine and dentistry began in about 1865. Arsenicals were still being used to devitalize pulps. In 1876 to 1926 saw the acceptance of antisepsis as a part of endodontic therapy. Phenol creosote and related drugs of phenol were used in dentistry as well as medicine. Richmond in 1884, advocated knocking out of the pulp by whittling down orangewood to small size, soaking it in phenol, and tapping this into the exposed pulp canal. Phenol gave way to the salts of the heavy metals along about 1890, principally bichloride of mercury and silver nitrate. In 1891, Otto Walkhoff introduced camphorated monochlorophenol (CMCP) as an intracanal medicament. Extraction of vital and pulpless teeth took place. Along about 1925, led to the development of a number of organic mercurial such as mercurochrome, Mercurophen, Metaphen, Merthiolate, Mercresin, etc. but they were found to be very toxic and irritating and because of the staining potential were not used in endodontics. The era of 1926 to 1976 saw improvements. Calcium hydroxide made its appearance. Many root canal medicaments appeared and arsenic finally disappeared from the dental pharmacopoeia. Therefore, the introduction of many of these medicaments has simplified treatment and has saved many teeth.

 

RATIONALE FOR INTRACANAL MEDICATION:

The rationale behind intracanal medication is to destroy residual microorganisms and their toxins and any residual bacteria that have not been removed during canal preparation. Though the objective of removing the microbes is mostly fulfilled during canal preparation but the complexity of the root canal is such that not all microorganisms or the pulp tissue are removed. Furthermore, anaerobic bacteria may invade the dentinal tubules of the canals with necrotic pulps. The medicament should inhibit microbial recolonization of the cleaned parts of the root canal system by preventing residual microorganisms from growing and new microorganisms invading through the lateral communication and coronal access.

 

 IDEAL REQUIREMENTS OF ROOT CANAL MEDICAMENTS:

1. It should be an effective germicide and fungicide.

2. It should be non-irritating to the periapical tissues.

3. It should remain stable in solution.

4. It should have prolonged anti – microbial effect.

5. It should be active in the presence of protein derivatives of tissues, blood, and serum.

6. It should have low surface tension.

7. It should not interfere with the repair of periapical tissues.

8. It should not stain tooth structure.

9. It should be capable of inactivation in a culture medium.

10.It should not induce cell mediated immune response.

11.It should have no deleterious effect on vital tissues.

12.It should not alter the physiologic activities of the host tissues. 

13.It should have the good penetrating ability to be effective in the dentinal tubules.

14.It should reduce pain.

15.It should induce healing and hard tissue formation.

16.It should eliminate apical exudates.

17.It should control inflammatory root resorption.

18.It should have reasonable shelf life.

19.It should be readily available

20.It should be inexpensive.

 

Functions:

1. Reduction of the number of microorganisms

2. Prevention of the growth/regrowth of any new/old microorganisms.Antibacterial action is the most important function

3. Disinfection of root canal system.

4. Suppression of inter-appointment pain by reducing inflammation (some have anti-inflammatory action).

5. Render the canal contents inert.

 

What are the brands other than J-Morita selling intracanal medicaments online in India?

Prime-Dental, Ammdent, Anycon,Coltene-whaledent, Dpi, Indian, Ivoclar-Vivadent, Meta-Biomed, Nexobio,  Prevest-denpro, Prime-dental, septodont, sure-endo, ultradent, voco are the other brands selling intracanal medicaments online in India.

 

WHY BUY INTRACANAL MEDICAMENTS ONLINE AT DENTALKART.COM?

The range of intracanal medicaments can be found at Dentalkart.com. Care has been taken to ensure that all products listed on the website are 100% genuine and are of high quality. Buying Intracanal medicaments online at Dentalkart.com can be highly beneficial to the customers as they are available at lowest prices in India. Various modes of payment such as Credit Card, Debit Card, Cash on Delivery, Net Banking, Paytm are available to suit the needs of various dentists. With free delivery on orders more than Rs.2500, all orders are ensured prompt delivery.

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