Intracanal Medicaments

Waldent Gloves

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What are Intracanal Medicaments?

  • Intracanal medicaments have been used to disinfect root canals between appointments and reduce interappointment pain

FUNCTIONS OF INTRACANAL MEDICAMENT:

  • Disinfect Root Canals
  • Prevents & reduce the growth of micro-organisms
  • Pevention & control of post operative pain
  • Control of persistent periapical abscess - in weeping canals

IDEAL REQUIREMENTS OF INTRA CANAL MEDICAMENT:

  • Potent antibacterial & antifungal agent
  • Potent pulp tissue solvent
  • Non irritant to periapical tissue
  • Long duration of action
  • Have  low surface tension
  • No hypersensitivity or allergic reaction
  • No interference with repair of periapical tissues
  • Active in presence of blood, abscess or protein derivatives of the tissue
  • Should be stable & should have longer shelf life
  • Capable of inactivation in culture medium
  • Economic, easily available

TYPES OF INTRACANAL MEDICAMENTS:

I.Phenols

  • Eugenol
  • CMCP
  • Parachlorophenol
  • Camphorated parachlorophenol
  • Cresol
  • Thymol

II.Aldehydes:

  • Formacresol
  • Glutaraldehyde

III. Halides:

  • Iodine  - Potassium iodine
  • Sodium Hypochlorite
  • Chloramine T

IV. Steroids:

V. Calcium hydroxide

MOST COMMONLY USED INTRACANAL MEDICAMENTS: